Isigaba Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokukhulisa i-coreopsis endaweni yami
I-Fusarium

Indlela yokukhulisa i-coreopsis endaweni yami

I-flower coreopsis ichazwa ngencazelo njenge-sunflower encane noma i-chamomile. Lesi sitshalo esingapheli sikhuthazelela ukungabi nomswakama futhi sizoqhakaza kuze kufike isithwathwa sokuqala. I-Coreopsis ihlala ezindaweni ezishisayo zase-Afrika, eNyakatho Melika naseHawaii. Isitshalo sikhula kufika ku-1 m ubude. Izimbali ezinhle zilingana no-10 cm.

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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokuvimbela nokulwa nezinambuzane zamagilebhisi

Amagilebhisi, ngokuvamile, kubhekwa njengabaqinile futhi kulula ukuzala esitshalweni. Noma kunjalo, kunezinambuzane nezifo eziyingozi kakhulu kuye. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukulungiselela kusengaphambili izinkinga ezikhona, ojwayele izinambuzane eziyaziwa kakhulu. Uyazi? Ucwaningo lwezibalo olwenziwa ososayensi lubonisa ukuthi ukuvunwa kwamagilebhisi okuvela ezinambuzane kuncishiswa minyaka yonke okungenani okwesithathu, futhi uma kwenzeka ukwehluleka ukuthatha izinyathelo ezifanele ukuvimbela izifo, ukulahlekelwa kungafinyelela isigamu sesitshalo.
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Amagilebhisi

Izifo zomvini ezivamile kanye nokulawula okusebenzayo

Izifo zamagilebhisi - isongo esikhulu kulesi sitshalo. Izinhlobo ezinhle kakhulu nezinkulu zihlala zithandwa kakhulu, naphezu komsebenzi wabalimi. Ngakho-ke, ukuze uthole isivuno esihle, udinga ukwazi ukuthi ukwelapha kanjani amagilebhisi ngezifo. Uyazi? Amagilebhisi - isitshalo kuphela emhlabeni esihlola isayensi ehlukene - i-ampelography.
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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokubhekana nomkhiqizo wamagilebhisi

Abalimi abaningi bathanda ukukhula kwamagilebhisi ezindaweni zabo. Ikwaziswa ngezindawo zayo ezizuzisayo nokunambitheka okungenakuqhathaniswa. Noma kunjalo, isivuno salesi sitshalo singasengozini uma isitshalo sithinteka yizinambuzane. Ngokuvamile amagilebhisi ahlaselwa yi-itch, eyaziwa kangcono njenge-mite yamagilebhisi. Uma usulelekile, ungalahlekelwa ku-30% wesitshalo, futhi uma ungenzi ukwelashwa okufika ngesikhathi, ungalahlekelwa ku-50%.
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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokutshala amagilebhisi entwasahlobo

Izitshalo ze-Berry ezifana namagilebhisi zikhula kakhulu ezindaweni ezizimele zasehlobo. Abaningi bafuna ukukhulisa itafula kanye nezinhlobo zobuchwepheshe zokuzikhiqiza kwewayini elenziwe ngokuzenzela. Kodwa lesi sihloko asikho ngalokhu. Sizokhuluma ngendlela yokutshala amagilebhisi esiqhingini sethu sezithombo ngaphandle kosizo entwasahlobo.
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Amagilebhisi

Iyini isikhumba esiyingozi kumagilebhisi, nokuthi ungayiphilisa kanjani

Enye yezitha eziyingozi kakhulu zamagilebhisi yisifo somuthi wefungal. Abalimi abaningi bebelokhu bezama ukulwa nalesi sifo iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-12, kodwa hhayi wonke umuntu ophumelelayo. Ake sibheke izimbangela zokubonakala kwesifo futhi sithole ukuthi singabhekana kanjani nalo. Incazelo kanye nengozi yezifo Mildew (noma i-downy isikhutha) - enye ye-pathologies eyingozi kunazo zonke ye-fungal yezinhlobo zevini zaseYurophu.
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Amagilebhisi

Ukulima kwezithelo zomvini omisiwe: ukutshala nokunakekelwa

I-Kishmish yigama elihlangene lezinhlobo eziningi zamagilebhisi ahlukene, ezihlukaniswa ngosayizi wabo omncane kanye nokunambitheka okumnandi kwamajikijolo, kanye nokungabikho kwembewu kuzo. Lo mzuzu kufanele ucatshangelwe uma ukhetha amagilebhisi omisiwe okutshalwe kusayithi, kusukela ekutshalweni kwe-grain agrotechnical wezithelo zomvini ovuthiwe, izimfanelo zokunambitheka amajikijolo alo kanye nezici zokunakekela lesi sitshalo zingahlukahluka kuye ngokuhlukahluka okuthile.
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Amagilebhisi

Amagilebhisi "iCabernet Sauvignon": izici nobuchwepheshe bezolimo zokulima

Iwayini le-Cabernet liyaziwa futhi lithandwa yibo bonke abachwepheshe bewayini elibomvu elomile. Cishe wonke amazwe lapho kune-winemaking, esuka eCroatia eCroatia ukuyogcoba iLebhanoni, zikhule izinhlobo ezifanayo zamagilebhisi nezinhlobonhlobo ezinkulu ezibomvu ezihlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Iwayini elidumile i-Cabernet ikhiqiza i-Italy neSpain, i-Ukraine neMoldova, iChile ne-Argentina, kanye neNingizimu Afrika, i-Australia ne-United States of America.
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Amagilebhisi

Unganisela kanjani futhi ukondle amagilebhisi entwasahlobo

Namuhla sizoxoxa ngokuthi singanisela kanjani futhi sondle amagilebhisi entwasahlobo. Abanikazi abaningi abaye bahlanganyela ekutshalweni kwamagilebhisi amashumi eminyaka, bajwayele ukunakekelwa komvini. Kodwa-ke, isimo sezulu siyashintsha, kanti isimo sezulu kanye nokuntuleka kwesilinganiso esidingekayo sezakhi zomzimba kunciphisa isivuno samasimu futhi "kunikeze" amagilebhisi ngezifo ezihlukahlukene.
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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokusika amagilebhisi emahlumela angadingekile ehlobo

Ukusika izihlahla zomvini kuyingxenye ebalulekile yokunakekela lesi sitshalo. Kubaluleke kakhulu kulezo zifunda lapho ihlobo lifushane khona futhi amavini akatholanga ilanga elanele lokuvuthwa kahle. Kungenzeka yini ukuvuna amagilebhisi ehlobo? Inzuzo engenakuphika yokusika izivini ehlobo yilezi zinqubo zisiza kakhulu ukwandisa ubuningi futhi kuthuthukiswe ikhwalithi yesitshalo.
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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokwenza iwayini ngamagilebhisi: izimfihlo ze-winemaking ekhaya

Namuhla, kunezinhlobo eziningi zewayini ezihlukahlukene ezihlukahlukene zamajikijolo. Kodwa ethandwa kakhulu namanje iwayini leviniga. Sizokhuluma ngokuthi yiliphi uhlobo lamagilebhisi okumele akhethe nokuthi singakwenza kanjani isiphuzo esihlwabusayo kulesi sihloko. Yiziphi izinhlobo ezihlukahlukene zamagilebhisi ongakhetha kuzo Ukwenza iwayini ngamagilebhisi ekhaya, ungakhetha ngokuphelele noma yikuphi ukuhluka kwalesi sitshalo.
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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokubhekana ne-oidium ngamagilebhisi

Amagilebhisi, njengezinye izitshalo ezitshalwa, angaba nezifo ezihlukahlukene. Zihlasela amaqabunga, ama-inflorescence, ngaleyo ndlela zilimaza isitshalo. I-Oidium (elinye igama lingu-powdery isikhutha) yisinye isifo esivamile. Kulesi sihloko sizoxoxa nge-oidium yamagilebhisi: cabangela ukwelashwa kwalesi sifo, futhi uxoxe ngendlela engcono yokusingatha lesi sitshalo.
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Amagilebhisi

Ukutshala nokunakekela amagilebhisi "Memory Dombkovskaya" kuleli zwe

Amagilebhisi - uhlobo lwezitshalo zomndeni waseVinogradovye, onenhlobo engaphezu kwengu-70, ekhula ikakhulukazi emazingeni aphansi. Izinhlobonhlobo "Memory Dombkovskoy" ukunambitheka ehlukene okumnandi izithelo nombala ocebile amajikijolo. Umlando wokukhethwa kwamagilebhisi "Inkumbulo kaDombkovskaya" yahlonywa ngumuntu othakazelisayo ovela e-Orenburg Shatilov Fyodor Ilyich eminyakeni engaba ngu-30 edlule.
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Amagilebhisi

Ingabe kufanele nginakekele amagilebhisi ngenkathi ziqhuma?

Isikhathi esinquma ikhwalithi yokuvuna esilandelayo yizimbali zomvini. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukugwema izinkinga kule sigaba sokuthuthukiswa kwamasiko. Futhi uma kungenakwenzeka ukuthonya izimo zezulu, ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukwenza lokho kuxhomeke ezandleni zomlimi. Incazelo kanye nezici zenkathi Uma amagilebhisi egeleza, izimo zokushisa, izinga lomswakama, kanye nokunakekelwa komlimi wensimu kumasiko kubaluleke kakhulu.
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Amagilebhisi

Amathiphu okukhula kanye nezici zeMvini yamagilebhisi

Ngasekuqaleni kwekwindla, amagilebhisi ekugcineni avela emashalofini ezitolo kanye nezimakethe. Sonke sibheke phambili ngalesi sikhathi lapho ungajabulela ngokugcwele ukunambitheka okumnandi kanye nephunga elicebile lala majikijolo amnandi. Basijabulisa ngezinhlobonhlobo nezinhlobonhlobo zabo, okwandisa kakhulu ukhetho lwabathengi, noma kunjalo, libhekene nokukhetha okunzima kubantu abanquma ukukhula lokhu kudla ensimini yabo.
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Amagilebhisi

Indlela yokutshala amagilebhisi entwasahlobo

Ngokuvamile, abalimi bafuna ukushintsha ukuhlukahluka kwamagilebhisi akhulile kusayithi, kodwa abafuni ukuchitha isikhathi sokutshala isihlahla esisha. Kulokhu, sebenzisa inqubo yokugoma, esichaza ngokuningiliziwe kulesi sihloko. Kungani uhlwanyela amagilebhisi Ngaphambi kokuqhubeka nencazelo yenqubo uqobo, kubalulekile ukuqonda ukuthi kungani kuyadingeka.
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Amagilebhisi

I-Pinot iwayini lewayini kanye namagilebhisi

Namuhla sizokhuluma ngezinhlobonhlobo ezinhle zomvini "i-Pinot Noir", esetshenziselwa ukwenza iwayini nge ukunambitheka okumnandi. Uzofunda lapho izivini zikhule khona, yikuphi iwayini eliyigugu, ukuthi kunzima kanjani ukukhula ezihlukahlukene kusayithi lakho. Xoxa ngamaphuzu aphambili okutshala nokunakekela izivini.
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