Izitshalo

Sizigium - isimangaliso sezitshalo ezishisayo esinezithelo

ISizigium yisivakashi esihle kakhulu somndeni wakwaMytle, ohlala emahlathini ashisayo. Lesi sitshalo sisatshalaliswa e-Eastern Hemisphere (e-Australia, eMalaysia, eNdiya naseMadagascar). Iheha izihlahla ezicocekile, ezihlala ziluhlaza noma izihlahla ezincane ze-bonsai ezinezimbali ezingajwayelekile nezithelo. Izithombe ze-syzygium zingabonakala kumamagazini wemfashini noma ezitolo zezimbali eziku-inthanethi. Namuhla, abalimi abanda ngokwengeziwe banesibindi sokuthola lesi sitshalo esihlukile ukuze silethe ihlathi lehlathi elishisayo ekhaya labo.

Incazelo yezitshalo

ISizigium - isihlahla saphakade noma isihlahla eside sinohlelo olunamandla lwezimpande. Izinqubo ze-lateral zivela ngqo kusisekelo. Iziqu eziqonde ngqo zisheshe zilinganiswe futhi zimbozwe ngegxolo elimnyama elimnyama. Ukuphakama kwesitshalo esidala kungafinyelela kumamitha angama-20-30. Ngokwesiko, ukuphakama kwesihlahla kungamamitha ayi-1-1,5. Amagatsha onyaka wokuqala wokuphila anegxolo elihle elibomvu kakhulu.

I-Petioles iphambene futhi inesimo se-obovate noma se-oval. Unqenqema lweqabunga luyakhonjiswa, futhi izinhlangothi eziseceleni zibushelelezi. Ipuleti lesikhumba elinohlaza liluhlaza okotshani futhi ligobeke kancanyana ngokwesimo sencwadi eceleni komthambo ophakathi nendawo. Ubude bamahlamvu bufika ku-12 cm, kanti ububanzi buyi-4 cm.








Isikhathi sezimbali sisehlobo. Ama-inflorescence amakhulu amakhulu aqukethe izimbali eziningi ezimhlophe qhwa, ukhilimu, izimbali ze-lilac noma ezipinki. Izimbali zisheshe zilahle amacembe azo futhi zinamaqoqo amancanyana amade. Ama-stamens ubude bawo buyi-10 cm. Izimbali nezithelo zikhipha iphunga elinephunga elibukhali futhi zisetshenziswa ekuphekeni njengesihluzi esaziwayo se-clove.

Ngemuva kokuba izimbali zibune, iziqu ezinkulu zezithelo zihlala emaphethelweni amagatsha. Amajikijolo amancane abunjwe ngumbala angadliwa. Zimbozwe ngesikhumba esinsundu noma sipinki.

Izinhlobo ze-syzygium

Ku-genus syzygium, kunezinhlobo ezingaba ngu-50. Ngenxa yobukhulu obukhulu, bambalwa kuphela abasetshenziswa emasikweni. Okuthandwa kakhulu syzygium elimnandi noma elimnandi. Nguye osebenzela ukwenziwa konga, futhi ngenxa yalokho ubizwa nangokuthi "i-clove." Ukuhlwanyelwa kwenziwa kusuka kungakakhuliwe okuqhakaze, okusomile okwomile. Ingxenye kawoyela obalulekile kuzo yi-25%. Izihlahla ezihlala ziluhlaza ezinomqhele oyindilinga zifinyelela ubude obungamamitha ayi-10,5. Amaqabunga aqine acwebezelayo amboza amagatsha amasha. Ubude bawo buyi-8-10 cm, futhi ububanzi bawo buyi-2-4 cm.

I-Sizigium iphunga elimnandi noma elimnandi

Sizigium kumini noma caraway. Lesi sitshalo siqukethe izihlahla ezikhulayo ezifika kumamitha angama-25 ukuphakama. Amagatsha amadala ambozwe ngamagxolo agrey abushelelezi. Amaqabunga e-oval abukeka enkudlwana. Ubude bawo buyi-15-20 cm futhi ububanzi bawo buyi-8-12 cm. Amahlamvu aluhlaza omnyama amboze amagatsha. Izimbali ezincane ezimhlophe zitholakala phakathi kwamaqabunga phakathi amahlumela. Ububanzi bentyatyambo eyodwa bungamasentimitha ayi-1.5. Kamuva, esikhundleni sezimbali, izithelo ezincane zingu-1-1.2 cm ubude nesikhumba esibomvu.

Sizigium kumini noma caraway

Syzygium iambose. Umuthi unosayizi onesizotha xaxa, ukuphakama kwawo kungadluli kumamitha ayi-10. Emagatsheni anamaqabunga amade ama-lanceolate nezimbali zikakhilimu ezinkulu. Izambulela eziphakeme zezimbali zitholakala cishe emaphethelweni egatsha. Isithelo esiyindilinga noma esibhande simbozwe ngethanga eliphuzi.

Sizigium iambosa

Syzygium paniculata, kwesinye isikhathi okubizwa nge- "Eugenia myrtle", yakha isihlahlana esikhula kancane esifinyelela kumamitha ayi-15. Amahlumela amancane apendwe ngombala obomvu onsundu. Emagatsheni amadala, amagxolo aqhekeka bese eqala ukukhipha. Amaqabunga wombala oluhlaza okotshani atholakala kaningi. Phakathi kwamahlamvu, eduze nomaphethelo wokudubula, kukhona izambulela ze-inflorescence zezimbali ezimhlophe ezinamandla. Ijikijolo encane ebunjiwe eliphakathi kwebala inobude obungu-2 cm, imbozwe ngesikhumba esikhanyayo noma esinsundu.

Syzygium paniculata

Syzygium Varigate. Isitshalo singamahlahla amade asakazeka anamahlamvu angajwayelekile. Amacembe aluhlaza e-lanceolate amnyama ambozwe ngezindawo ezincane ezimhlophe ezakha iphethini yemabula. Izithelo ezibomvu okwenziwe ngopende zinokunambitheka kwe-clove, nokunambitheka njengama cranberry.

Syzygium Varigate

Sizigium blush - Ukubuka okungathandwa kwasendlini ngamahlumela amancane abomvu namabhulokhi. Ngemuva kweshidi enkabeni ungabona futhi umthambo obomvu. Amacembe azungezwe ngaphezulu ngomphetho omfushane. Izithelo ezibomvu ziqoqeka ngamaqoqo amakhulu emaphethelweni amagatsha.

Sizigium blush

Ukuzala

Ukukhiqizwa kabusha kwe-syzygium kungenzeka ngezindlela ezilandelayo:

  • ukuhlwanyela imbewu;
  • ukwakheka kwezingqimba zomoya;
  • ukubekelwa phansi kwezimpande.

Ukuhlwanyela imbewu kwenziwa phakathi nobusika. Imbewu ehlutshiwe futhi eyomisiwe ifakwe kusudi yesisombululo se-manganese. Ebhokisini elincane, iphepha lomshidi, umhlaba we-turfy nesihlabathi kuxutshwe. Imbewu itshalwe ekujuleni kwama-1.5-2 cm. Umhlaba uyaniselwa futhi umbozwe ngefilimu. Ibhokisi ligcinwa endaweni ekhanyayo futhi efudumele (+ 26 ... +28 ° C). Amahlumela avela ngemuva kwamasonto angama-3-4. Ngokuqala kwamaqabunga amabili angempela, zidonswa ezimbizeni ezihlukene bese ziyiswa endaweni epholile (+18 ° C). Ngemuva kokwakheka kweqabunga le-quadruple, isiqu kufanele siphinwe ukuze siqale ukukrola.

Ukusika izimpande, amagatsha asikiwe isigamu esingu-10-15 cm. Unqenqema olungaphansi luphathwa ngezimpande futhi lujule emhlabathini wegadi ngo-3-4 cm. Ngaphambi kokuba izimpande zivele, izithombo zigcinwa egumbini elikhanyayo nelifudumele (+ 24 ... +26 ° C). Ngemuva kwezinyanga eziyi-1-1,5, ukusika kudluliselwa kumabhodwe ahlukile.

Ukusiphula ungqimba lomoya, kufanele ucindezele ihlumela eliseceleni ukuze ulilungise. Ngemuva kwamasonto ambalwa, izimpande ezizimele zizovela kuso futhi isithombo sihlukaniswe.

Ukufakelwa

ISizigium ngokulinganayo inyusa isisindo sezimpande, ngakho-ke isitshalo sitshalwa njalo ngeminyaka eyi-1-3. Izinhlobo ezinkulu kumhubhu waphansi zibuyisela kuphela indawo engaphezulu. Ngokutshala, sebenzisa inhlabathi engadini ene-acidity ephansi. Ungasebenzisa ingxube yenhlabathi yezakhi ezilandelayo:

  • Peat;
  • iqabunga humus;
  • isihlabathi somfula;
  • ishidi lomhlaba.

Phansi kwembiza kubeka ungqimba lwamanzi wezinto ezinkulu ezibunjiwe ngamagciwane.

Ukunakekelwa kweSyymgium

ISyzygium akuyona inkimbinkimbi kakhulu ukuba ungayinakekela. Udinga ukuthola indawo ekhanyayo evikelwe ukukhanya kwelanga. Isikhathi sasemini kuye kufanele sibe amahora ayi-12-14. Ebusika, amafasitela asenyakatho angadinga ukukhanyiswa okwengeziwe. Ngokukhanya okunganele, iziqu ziyeluleka bese amaqabunga ephenduka.

Ukushisa komoya ehlobo kufanele kube kububanzi + 18 ... +25 ° C. Ngezinsuku ezishisayo, kunconywa ukudalula isitshalo emoyeni omusha noma ukufudumeza igumbi kaningi. Ebusika, kuyadingeka ukunikeza isikhathi sokuphumula bese wehlise izinga lokushisa ukuze + 14 ... +15 ° C.

Ukunisela i-syzygium kaningi kudinga ukoma kuphela umhlaba. Ukudonsa uketshezi olulodwa akufanele kube kukhulu kakhulu. Amanzi asetshenziswa afudumele, athambile, agcinwe kahle. Umhlali otshisayo ukhetha umswakama ophezulu, ngakho-ke kufanele ngezikhathi ezithile ufafaze amaqabunga. Lapho ukupholisa, ukufafaza nokunisela kuncipha.

Ngo-Mashi-Septhemba, kabili ngenyanga, kufakwa umquba wamaminerali emhlabathini wokutshala izitshalo ezingaphandle.

Izifo Nezinambuzane

ISyzygium iyamelana nezifo zezitshalo, kodwa ngokuqina kwamanzi nokuntengantenga ingahlushwa ukubola. Kwesinye isikhathi amaqabunga awo adonsa i-spider mite, iqabunga leqabunga kanye ne-mealybug. Lapho kuvela amagciwane, amahlumela afafazwa ngesibulala-zinambuzane.

Sebenzisa

USizigium usebenza njengomhlobiso omuhle wekamelo. Yakha isihlahla esihle esihlala siqhakaza. Zingabalulekanga kangako izinhlamvu zesitshalo. I-Syzygium uwoyela obalulekile usetshenziselwa i-homeopathy. Kuyi-antiseptic enhle kakhulu, futhi kusiza nokulwa ama-warts, i-lichen nezinye izifo zesikhumba.

Izithelo ezomile zenza inkambo yesifo sikashukela, zivuselele uhlelo lwe-excretory, futhi zihlanze isibindi. Amajikijolo nezimbali ezintsha kuyadliwa, kufakwa ngesithako nezipuni eziseceleni. Ukusetshenziswa kwe-syzygium kawoyela ebalulekile embonini kagwayi neyamakha kuyaziwa.